Who needs BPH Treatment?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common benign neoplasm in American men. It is a chronic condition that is associated with progressive lower urinary tract symptoms and a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It affects more than 50 percent of men over the age of 60 and almost three out of four men during the seventh decade of life. As the prostate grows, it presses against and narrows the urethra, causing a urinary obstruction that makes it difficult to urinate. Bothersome symptoms are the most common reasons for patients to be treated for this condition. However, if the BPH is left untreated and worsens, it has the potential to cause permanent damage to the urinary system.
How do I know I need BPH Treatment?
As the prostate enlarges and obstructs the urethra, a patient progressively develops lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Some of the typical symptoms are:
- Weak urine flow
- Inconsistent urine flow
- Incomplete urination
- Urinary retention
- Increased urination
In cases of mild BPH, there are multiple minimally invasive treatment options, such as:
Rezum uses the natural energy stored in water vapor, or steam, to treat the extra prostate tissue that is causing the BPH symptoms. The water vapor is sent into the targeted prostate tissue. When the vapor contacts the tissue, it turns back into water, releasing all the stored energy, causing the prostate cells to die. Some benefits of this approach include:
- It’s an in-office procedure.
- No general anesthesia is required.
- It’s safe and effective.
- A patient can return to normal activity within 24 hours.
This technique utilizes small implants to hold the enlarged prostate tissue out of the way so it no longer blocks the urethra. For this in-office procedure, no cutting, heating or removal of prostate tissue is involved, and patients can return to normal activity within 24 hours.
Laser TURP surgery is a minimally invasive outpatient surgical procedure using a laser to vaporize and remove prostate tissue. The advantage of a laser over a more traditional surgical procedure is its ability to remove tissue while coagulating any blood vessels. Therefore, it reduces the risk of bleeding. In addition, a laser TURP:
- Reduces side effects
- Minimizes discomfort
- Offers a remarkably quick recovery time.
Surgery (prostatectomy) may be recommended if your BPH symptoms are severe or other treatment options haven’t been successful for you. BPH surgeries remove large amounts of prostate tissue and are performed in a hospital. General anesthesia is required and a two-to-three-day hospital stay may be needed. Although there is a low risk of serious side effects, some are possible and can include retrograde ejaculation (“dry climax”), erectile dysfunction (ED) and incontinence.